May 1975 Fate Magazine)
By Agatha P. Tutko
other psychics are making headlines predicting world-shattering
events, Carol Ann Liaros is quietly teaching the blind to "see".
first met Carol in the fall of 1970 when I enrolled in an ESP
course at the Human Dimensions Institute which was housed at Rosary
Hill College in Buffalo, N. Y. Professor E. Douglas Dean,
parapsychologist and computer scientist from the Newark (N.J.)
College of Engineering came to the Human Dimensions Institute
to teach the class in collaboration with Carol Ann Liaros.
course, titled "ESP and Other Frontiers of the Mind" was a unique
idea; the scientist to present the latest scientific evidence
of ESP and a proven psychic to relate subjective experiences.
Enrolled in that first class were 125 people from all walks of
life: doctors, lawyers, judges, teachers and housewives.
my attendance at the classes, Carol and I became good friends.
At this time I was writing a column for The Front Page,
a local weekly newspaper in Lackawanna, New York. My column
was called "Dimensions of Man" and I sought to give readers a
personal insight into the lives of "special" people concerned
with man's special abilities. One of the persons my readers
wanted to know about was Carol Ann Liaros and how she got started.
psychic abilities had gone undetected for many years until she
attended a lecture sponsored by Rosary Hill College featuring
Hugh Lynn Cayce, son of Edgar Cayce. Carol's questions from the
audience that day led Hugh Lynn Cayce to suggest to Sr. M. Justa
smith, O.S.F., then Chairman of Rosary Hill's Chemistry Department,
that Carol be used in the unique research program Sister Justa
was starting. She was researching enzyme activity on the premise
that if a "healer" could indeed heal he would have to change enzyme
activity. Her work with the healer Oskar Estebany has since been
took part in the research program and found herself in the peculiar
position of a non-Catholic in a Catholic college, in a nun's department,
with Oskar Estebany in one room doing healings and Carol in another
giving "readings." In the beginning her readings were not unusual
but after a period of time Carol found herself giving diagnoses
which were verified by medical doctors who were involved in the
research. After this project was completed Carol was employed
in the office as a secretary so that she would be available for
the late 1960's the Human Dimensions Institute, founded by Jeanne
Pontious Rindge, then on the Alumni Board of Rosary Hill College,
started to broaden its activities by asking experts in the newly
accepted field of parapsychology to present their views to the
public. Many of these authorities were impressed by Carol's psychic
ability and her life and work began to take on new dimensions.
Dr. Shafica Karagula, author of Breakthrough to Creativity,
taught Carol to analyze the psychic process in a scientific manner
and Carol found herself becoming more and more discerning.
after Carol and Douglas Dean began teaching together 1970 students
came to them to express gratitude for a newfound awareness. It
made their lives less complicated, improved their health and finances
and helped them discover spiritually, many students reported.
1971 Carol was teaching an ESP class at a YWCA in Batavia, N.Y.,
and discussing the human arua. After the session a woman introduced
her husband to Carol and said, "This has been a remarkable evening.
My husband said he could see auras and he is totally blind."
learned that he had been blind since the age of four and was now
41 years old. She began to wonder if it were possible to teach
the blind to "see" through extrasensory perception. About a year
later another blind student joined a class Carol was conducting
in Niagara Falls, N. Y., and reported having the same experience.
When the class was over Carol tried more in-depth techniques and
psi-stimulating experiences with this student. Thus was born the
idea for the seven-week pilot study to investigate psi faculties
in blind subjects.
(Click on the picture to see larger image)
of the tests Mrs. Liaros devised involves "looking" at photographs.
(Click on the picture to see larger image)
Plan for the study included these objectives:
develop the ability of visually handicapped persons to acquire
knowledge of psi energies through techniques designed to stimulate
help visually handicapped persons implement such skills in determining
colors, shapes and positions of material objects.
discover whether such factors as age and intelligence would
influence the acquisition of such skills.
weeks were spent rewording Carol Ann Liaros' regular ESP teaching
techniques to eliminate all suggestions of ESP and other psychic
connotations. This was done to sidestep any bias the participants
might have against psychic phenomena.
work on a one-to-one basis with the blind persons, 20 volunteers,
picked from Carol's classes, had to be trained. I was one of these.
We spent two nights a week for seven weeks donating our time to
this unusual project. One night a week was spent learning Carol's
techniques for teaching relaxation and meditation exercises to
alter the state of consciousness of whereby sensitivity to psi
energies is increased. The second night was spent in the actual
training of the blind.
of two local associations for the blind, Bill Facazio of Niagara
Falls and Lola Reppenhagen of Buffalo, cooperated in finding blind
persons interested in participating in the unique program. Due
to limited space and facilities we planned to take on only 20
blind participants. A small church in Amherst, N.Y., allowed us
to use their facilities one night a week and on January 18, 1973,
the classes began.
the numerous tests that comprised the program the following are
Sheets of colored paper were placed before the subjects who were
told to keep their eyes closed and to indicate if the two sheets
were the same color or different. The next step was to identify
which one was black and which one was white. The sheets were placed
on the table before the subject by a volunteer who also placed
the blind person's hand two or three inches above the sheet; a
subject was never allowed to touch the sheets.
Photographs also were "scanned" by the subjects' hands held two
or three inches away. Each blind person was asked to indicate
whether the subject in the photo was male or female. Additional
objects and shapes in the pictures also were to be identified.
sessions were tape-recorded, photographed and carefully documented.
Statistics were compiled by Professor Dean, serving as a member
of Carol's advisory board, on the basis of 2,000 color selection
trials. The blind persons were asked to run their hands over various
colored sheets while the following questions were asked:
the sheets feel the same or different?
the subject differentiate between black and white?
he differentiate between red and blue?
he differentiate between a set of black and white sheets and
a set of red and blue?
series was run 100 times before the training began, then repeated
at the end of the seven-week period. The significant effect of
Carol's training techniques is reflected in the chart below.
(Click on the picture to see larger image)
Carol Ann Liaros (above, standing) has been involved in many facets
of parapsychology both as student and teacher.
(Click on the picture to see larger image)
J. Tutko, with a husband and four sons to care for, nevertheless
has found time to become a hand-writing analyst, having
studied graphoanalysis in Chicago in 1971. Currently she
gives lectures and holds seminars on handwriting analysis.
Another of her major interests is parapsychology which she
has studied at the Human Dimensions Institute at Rosary
Hill College in Buffalo, N.Y., her native city. She has
been a research subject for for the Institute and appeared
the the movie "Inner Spaces" made by Hartley Productions
and narrated by astronaut Edgar Mitchell and Carol Liaros.
Currently she acts as assistant director for Carol's project:
Blind Awareness, and ongoing program for helping the blind
Another part of the training in the pilot study was the technique
of "mind traveling." Its purpose is to acquaint a visually handicapped
person with strange surroundings, to decrease the fear of new places
and the help him become more mobile more quickly, thus making him
statistics reflected good success in this facet of the study the
subjective experiences of the blind persons turned out to be the
most rewarding for everyone involved. Needless to say, subjective
experiences do not fit into any statistical pattern and are therefore
unsuitable for a scientific evaluation. Nevertheless, they reveal
- more poignantly than dry statistics - the value of Carol's training.
the following episodes boggle your mind, they should! We were
totally unprepared for this type of feedback. The incidents I
have selected from numerous reports are not dramatized.
the end of the seven-week training period several blind persons
discovered they were able to "see" in a way they could not verbalize
nor even understand. Some reported the ability to distinguish
colors from across the room, to describe a person's living room
without ever having been to his home, to "see" with some part
of themselves a light in their heads where before there had been
total darkness, and to perceive the outline of objects in a room.
(When asked where they were perceiving, as it could not have been
visually, they usually pointed to their foreheads.) Many of the
subjects reported an increase in mobility because they began to
"just know" where objects were in a room.
man reported he can walk down the street without a cane because
he can "see" the plate glass windows, lamp posts, etc. "out of
the side of his forehead." One woman can pick out her own clothing
when shopping or taking clothes from her closet because she can
"tell" the difference in colors by running her hands over the
clothing at a distance of several inches.
especially detailed report comes from a subject who told of awakening
in the middle of the night and "seeing" her apartment lit up in
a golden glow, so bright she could see the outlines of her furniture.
Her immediate thought was, "Even if I did leave the lights on
I wouldn't be able to see the furniture." She checked the light
switches to convince herself the lights were off and then, she
says, she sat down and enjoyed "seeing" for the first time in
experience lasted about a half hour and occurred on two other
occasions in other rooms in her apartment. Concerning her feelings
about the possibilities of Carol's training she says, "I have
great hopes that the experiment might be the start of something
- a new sight for the blind, something that will help us make
our way in the world.
(Click on the picture to see larger image)
the conclusion of the pilot study Carol Ann Liaros has started similar
training programs at the Mind Institute, 223 St. Clair Ave., W.,
Toronto, Ont,. Canada, and at the Salvation Army's Western New York
Headquarters, 960 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. Any Blind person may
join these programs free of charge.
has been important to establish whether Carol's results are repeatable.
Again, we have been startled to hear what's been happening. The
following is a report by Lola Reppenhagen, a blind participant
in Carol's program titled "Project: Blind Awareness at the Salvation
Army in Buffalo, N.Y."
year an a half ago I was contacted to see if I could get 10 blind
people from Buffalo to join 10 persons (blind) from Niagara Falls
to attend a pilot program on how to learn to detect color by feel.
Needless to say, I was very skeptical. However, (out of) curiosity
and liking to be involved in everything and anything new and interesting,
I said I would try. We went about seven weeks to this study and
new each week. It was enough to intrigue us into doing more.
results were so amazing that Carol Ann Liaros decided to begin
a new group and delve into this much more thoroughly. We began
this about six months ago and I find it difficult to believe the
things that are happening. I have not yet learned to tell each
color every time and some not as well as others but it is coming.
I have had some success with mind travel but not as much with
telepathy. Awareness of my own energy field is developing and
I feel as though I really see myself: I see my hands working,
I see my body, I see images and shadows and seem to be able to
almost see what is in a room. It seems that I really see it, although
I don't, and I am totally blind.
Sunday I saw my first aura. A friend was talking with me when
suddenly I saw her arua and was so surprised that I did not hear
what she was saying. She noticed that I was not listening and
said that my eyes got larger and larger and she knew that something
was going on. I interrupted her and said, 'I can see your arua.'
It was a white light, hazy and flickering, which encircled her
time I was listening to my brother play his guitar and sing. While
watching him I could sense how he was sitting. Then I found that
I was seeing the movement of his hand strumming the strings.
occasion I can pick out colors without thinking as I did what
I 'saw' my daughter in red slacks and white top.
are happening - I don't know why or how. I do know that it would
take a lot to make me miss this class of Carol's and I hope she
will continue to work with us. My skepticism is gone and I know
every day that something is coming from this to enlarge my awareness."
similar reports have been written by other blind participants
in Carol Liaros' programs. Dr. Sean Zieler, a clinical psychologist
at Veterans Hospital in Buffalo and advisor in the pilot study,
says, "Some of the things that happened are mind-boggling and
quite frankly I have no explanations for them. There was no way
these people could have been faking."
the course of the original pilot study Carol told me about a recurring
dream she had had from the time she was about 12 years old:
was standing in the doorway of what I knew was a hospital . .
. and the room was absolutely enormous with these huge high ceilings.
I was standing in the doorway with what I thought were two doctors
. . . .We were 'floating' across the room, not walking, and I
began to observe that there weren't any beds in the room. There
were people standing all around, sort of aimlessly. While we floated
past these people they would look over their shoulders toward
us with a strange look on their faces. What shocked me so was
the look in their eyes. It was an absolutely tortured look. I
knew as we were passing them that we were healing them but we
weren't doing anything."
back, Carol realizes there were no beds because the people weren't
really sick and their eyes were tortured because they were blind.
She believes the dream symbolizes the blind study she was to undertake.
Carol Ann Liaros' activities include independent research in other
areas of healing, lecturing and teaching - and helping the blind
interested in in learning more about her work may write to Carol
Ann Liaros, 1966 Niagara Street, Buffalo, New York 14207.
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the great innovation appears, it will almost certainly be in
the muddled, incomplete and confusing form. To the discoverer
himself it will be only half understood; to everybody else it
will be a mystery. For any speculation which does not at first
glance look crazy, there is no hope.” — Neils
these words in mind and a determination to “stay loose” we began
the first class of Junior Project: Blind Awareness, August 17
to 20 at Niagara University, Niagara Falls, N.Y. Never having
worked with children, blind or sighted, we really weren’t too
sure what we were getting into. Knowing the attention span of
ages 7 to 13 is rather short we had ready an enormous amount
of activities, games, testing procedures, etc. -
techniques we use with our adult Blind Awareness class but geared
to a child’s level.
Reppenhagen, Assistant Director of Jr. Project: Blind Awareness
and Judy McEwen, Coordinator of P:B.A. worked untold hours planning
and making materials to be used. We had numerous meetings with
handicapped children and people in the community with an interest
in children and in what we were trying to do. Judith Dunn and
her Campfire Girls of Buffalo collected and made many of the
“props”. Businesses and friends donated box upon box of materials
candy, remnants, paint, glue, styrofoam shapes and on and on
registration night arrived we...were...ready!
first surprise, as in our adult blind class, was that the kids
didn’t act blind. After a short period of trepidation in finding
themselves in unfamiliar surroundings, the evening was spent
running, skipping and racing through the dormitory! Within two
hours the Volunteers decided that the one activity we had neglected
to schedule was nap-time for the help.
controlled testing was done on four basic techniques -
mind travel, color scanning and telepathy before any training
took place. Relaxation,
meditation and visualization were introduced gradually and activities
and techniques were presented in an informal atmosphere to begin
the children’s sensitization to color, form, texture, etc. As
in our adult class, we found the best results were obtained
in an atmosphere of fun - laughing,
talking and being “childlike”. Once the parents got over the
being “parents” and the volunteers stopped being “teachers”
we really had “high play”. The testing was repeated daily -
technique at the same time under the same conditions. We know
this “stuff” works but to prove it to the scientific community,
statistics with base lines and repeated tests are necessary.
The results will take many months to compute but even an inexperienced
person could tell by the last day that the scores were undoubtedly
higher and significantly above chance.
as we were with results. far beyond our expectations, what
really made the three days such an enriching experience were
the children themselves. Never has there been a more loving,
giving group and it would have to be that way because of their
very special parents. Of the nine children, all but one with
a special problem, were enrolled in a “normal” school and
only after much struggle and insistence by the mothers and
fathers who realize that their children will have to cope
in a sighted world and they must begin when young. Many of
the children are avid readers, enjoy skiing and other sports
and play musical instruments.
event that really went over big was the visit by the Buffalo
Bill who were in training at Niagara University and a “sit
in” at a practice session. The mothers and volunteers also
showed a new and definite interest in the players and most
of them don’t know a full back from a short stop!
evening, the Master Mason Clown Association visited in street
clothes and donned their makeup and costumes step by step
so the children could know first hand what a circus was really
like. They let them feel each step of the makeup process,
the colored paints, and best of all “made a clown” of one
child - wig
and all. This group
of very sensitive people had never worked with blind children
before but their gentle, understanding, intuitive manner was
amazing and many times overwhelming for those of us watching.
the days progressed the parents reported that their children
wanted to meditate before going to sleep, and they and the
volunteers found the children were becoming very telepathic
in normal conversation. The last day the children and one
leader participated in their first healing circle with the
parents and volunteers forming a circle around them. It
was beautiful beyond words. Truly, “a little child shall
Friel, our astrologer, and her staff had previously calculated
a chart for each child and before leaving for home each
parent had a conference with Irene. She discussed the child’s
personality, capabilities perhaps not known, potentials
for careers and how the parents could best help with the
child’s mental, spiritual, emotional and physical development.
The parents, who knew very little about the facets of astrology
at the onset, were tearfully overcome with the many avenues
of hope presented to them.
authors were present at the sessions - Ann
Freedman of Florida and Mike Brown of Niagara Falls. A film
clip about the Project was shown on
7, Eyewitness News, and articles appeared in newspapers
in Buffalo, the Tonawandas and Niagara Falls.
the time came for all of us to return home, the children
wanted to stay.
as an intelligent being, I cannot accept," said Father Schommer,
a Jesuit priest who had been artist in residence at Canisius College
before his total blindness.
member of the "Blind Awareness Project" conducted by psychic and
parapsychologist Carol Ann Liaros in Buffalo, N.Y., he had gone
along with training in relaxation and meditation, had made 32
correct color identifications out of 35 passes (hand held 2 or
3 inches above colored poster paper) and learned awareness of
auras or magnetic fields around others.
his awareness expanded, he no longer resented his blindness. However,
when he and his one-to-one volunteer began to do class experiments
in "mind travel" to his volunteer's house, he drew the line of
belief. His intellect got in the way. But he listened to another
subject verbalize his own mind travel as, "I am hovering over
the last house on a dead-end street. I walk up three steps to
a little porch..."
it was the volunteer's house. Father Schommer pushed back the
limits of his mind further.
travel isn't frivolous, said Mrs. Liaros. Blind people are often
disoriented in new places and by having confidence in their ability
to perceive the environment, they are more comfortable.
of the members of the pilot group mind traveled to a hotel room
in which she was to stay. "This is the wrong room," she said to
the bellman when she was physically taken into the room to which
she had tried to acclimate herself mentally for several days.
The bellman called the desk, found he had made a mistake so took
her to the room she had reserved which she said was the one she
think that rules out telepathy," said program director Ms. Liaros,
who is in St. Petersburg visiting after speaking at the PSI International
Conference in Clearwater on Thursday and St. Petersburg Lion's
Club on Friday. "We've set up testing with scientific controls
and we're getting such good results that people are becoming interested.
Liaros' entrance into the teaching of the blind was by chance.
A beautiful woman with an air of decisive calmness about her,
she believes psychic ability can be trained. "The psychics with
ego believe it's a gift from God. 'God gave it to me,' they say,
'so I must be special.'
begun teaching psychic healing to nurses at Sister's Hospital
in Buffalo and my carefully laid groundwork in speaking to any
medical group without fee is beginning to pay off. I just present
data in a very sensible way that is acceptable.
'ate' books in the psychic field and am very discerning on choosing
my own teachers. I know when an author is wrong. This is so simple
and people overcomplicate it because they don't understand."
Liaros was teaching a class in parapsychology in Batavia, N.Y.,
in 1972. A woman brought in her blind husband, who claimed to
see the energy field "aura" through his forehead. Later a blind
psychicist, Samuel Lentine, joined another of her classes in Niagara
Falls, N.Y., and and had the same, "seeing through the forehead"
experience. Ms. Liaros spent time with him, trying more in-depth
techniques and ESP stimulating experiences, realizing the possibilities
of this new approach to teaching the blinded to be more independent.
Sean Zieler, a clinical psychologist, wrote a questionnaire to
establish cause of blindness, duration, physical condition ability
to remember dreams, psychic experience. Blind people were recruited
from an organization with volunteer teachers coming from Ms. Liaros'
own classes at Human Dimensions Institution in Buffalo.
her team teacher and scientist Dr. Douglas Dean, Ms. Liaros set
up a program with built-in testing potential and began.
I could use the aura as a diagnostic tool. I was watching a subject
being color tested and could see when the right side of the arua
bulged, and when it was the left. When the person had tried to
analyze ... this was the objective, logical side, the left...
they were usually wrong, whereas when the subjective right bulged,
the psychic side, they were usually right.
want to begin to use biorhythm cycles now in classes to correlate
this into the percentage of correctness."
Liaros taught relaxation techniques, explained PSI energies. She
had the volunteers"scan" photos with hand 2 or 3 inches away with
is a woman with her hair pulled tightly back from her face but
what is that round ball on the top of her head?" asked a subject.
It was a photograph of the late Adelle Davis, who wore her hair
in a bun.
the sessions have been tape recorded and photographed. Charts
are evaluated by E. Douglas Dean but subjective experience were
unsuitable for scientific evaluation.
the end of the seven-week period, many subjects could distinguish
colors from across the room; "see" with a light in their heads
where before there was total darkness. They could more easily
walk because they "just knew" where objects were in a room. They
could choose their own clothing because they could "tell" the
difference in colors by running their hands over the fabric. And
in aura scanning they often did better than their volunteers and
could pick up scars hidden by clothing.
of the pilot study have been published in The National Enquirer
and broadcast on CBC in Toronto, Canada. The course, free to the
subjects, has been repeated and enlarged, studied by doctors and
scientists. Ms. Liaros has been made an honorary member of the
Lions Club which sponsors help for the blind.
Father Schommer, "Maybe this is a case where the blind will be
leading the sighted to a new and more vigorous episode in their
lives which have such a short duration on this earth."
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